Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 733:
Gazelles as Job Creators – A Survey and Interpretation of the Evidence

Magnus Henrekson () and Dan Johansson ()

Abstract: It is often claimed that small and young firms account for a disproportionately large share of net employment growth. We conduct a meta analysis of the empirical evidence regarding whether net employment growth rather is generated by a few rapidly growing firms – so-called Gazelles – that are not necessarily small and young. Gazelles are found to be outstanding job creators. They create all or a large share of new net jobs. On average, Gazelles are younger and smaller than other firms, but it is young age more than small size that is associated with rapid growth. Gazelles also seem to be overrepresented in services.

Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Firm Growth; Flyers; Gazelles; High-growth Firms; Job Creation; Rapidly Growing Firms; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D21; L25; M13; O10; O40; (follow links to similar papers)

25 pages, February 8, 2008

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This paper is published as:
Henrekson, Magnus and Dan Johansson, (2010), 'Gazelles as Job Creators – A Survey and Interpretation of the Evidence', Small Business Economics, Vol. 35, September, No. 2, pages 227-244

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