Working Paper Series
Competition, Takeovers and Gender Discrimination
(), Helena Svaleryd
() and Jonas Vlachos
Abstract: Theories of taste-based discrimination predict that
competitive pressures will drive discriminatory behavior out of the market.
Using detailed matched employer-employee data, we analyze how firm
takeovers and product market competition are related to the gender
composition of the firmís workforce and the gender wage gap. Using a
difference-in-difference framework and dealing with several endogeneity
concerns, we find that the share of female employees increases as a result
of an ownership change, in particular when product market competition is
weak. Further, increased competition reduces the gender wage gap,
especially among highly educated employees. While the estimated wage effect
is quite small, the results support the main theoretical predictions.
Keywords: Discrimination; Competition; Takeovers; Wages; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J20; J31; J70; (follow links to similar papers)
40 pages, February 21, 2008
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