Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 770:
Selfish and Prospective: Theory and Evidence of Pocketbook Voting

Mikael Elinder (), Henrik Jordahl () and Panu Poutvaara ()

Abstract: We present and test a theory of prospective and retrospective pocketbook voting. Focusing on two large reforms in Sweden, we establish a causal chain from policies to sizeable individual gains and losses and then to voting. The Social Democrats proposed budget cuts affecting parents with young children before the 1994 election, but made generous promises to the same group before the 1998 election. Since parents with older children were largely unaffected we use a difference-in-differences strategy for identification. We find clear evidence of prospective pocketbook voting. Voters respond to campaign promises but not to the later implementation of the reforms.

Keywords: Elections; Economic voting; Pocketbook voting; Self-interest; Prospective voting; Retrospective voting; Child care; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: C21; D72; H50; (follow links to similar papers)

31 pages, October 16, 2008

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This paper is published as:
Elinder, Mikael, Henrik Jordahl and Panu Poutvaara, (2015), 'Promises, Policies and Pocketbook Voting', European Economic Review, Vol. 75, April, pages 177-194

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