Working Paper Series
Christina Mangaard Jørgensen and Christian Bjørnskov
Did Africa’s First Choices Matter? Growth Legacies of Leaders at Independence
Abstract: We explore the potential effects of the first leaders of
Sub-Saharan Africa. We first outline a set of theoretical reasons for why
leaders may matter particularly at the critical juncture of African
independence and why this influence may be persistent. In an unbalanced
panel from 40 African countries observed since independence, we find
evidence of strongly persistent effects of the education of African
leaders. Only military coups seem able to break the persistent negative
influence of this characteristic.
Keywords: Africa; Leaders; Institutions; Development; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: O11; O43; O55; P16; (follow links to similar papers)
53 pages, October 12, 2015
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