Working Paper Series
Makan Amini, Mathias Ekström
Does Gender Diversity Promote Non-Conformity?
(), Tore Ellingsen
(), Magnus Johannesson
() and Fredrik Strömsten
Abstract: Failure to express minority views may distort the behavior
of company boards, committees, juries, and other decision-making bodies.
Devising a new experimental procedure to measure such conformity in a
judgment task, we compare the degree of conformity in groups with varying
gender composition. Overall, our experiments offer little evidence that
gender composition affects expression of minority views. A robust finding
is that a subject’s lack of ability predicts both a true propensity to
accept others judgment (informational social influence) and a propensity to
agree despite private doubt (normative social influence). Thus, as an
antidote to conformity in our experiments, high individual ability seems
more effective than group diversity.
Keywords: Conformity; Gender Differences; Group Composition; Skill; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C90; D02; D71; D83; J16; (follow links to similar papers)
42 pages, October 20, 2015
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