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Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 1137:
Cultural Determinants of Gender Roles: Pragmatism Is an Important Factor behind Gender Equality Attitudes among Children of Immigrants

Martin Ljunge ()

Abstract: This paper presents evidence of how attitudes toward gender roles in the home and market are shaped by Hofstedeís six cultural dimensions. Children of immigrants in a broad set of European countries with ancestry from across the world are studied. Individuals are examined within country of residence using variation in cultural dimensions across countries of ancestry. The approach focuses attention on how gender roles are shaped across generations within families. Both influences on the fatherís and motherís side are studied. Ancestry from more masculine cultures shape more traditional gender roles on both parentsí sides. On the father side more pragmatic cultures foster gender equality on the motherís side power distance promote equality attitudes, although this influence differs markedly between daughters and sons. Pragmatism is in several circumstances the strongest influence on gender norms.

Keywords: Gender roles; intergenerational transmission; Hofstede cultural dimensions; Gender; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: D13; D83; J16; Z13; (follow links to similar papers)

26 pages, November 2, 2016

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