Working Paper Series
Fredrik Andersson, Fredrik Heyman
Large Scope Business Sector Reforms: Has the Swedish Business Sector Become More Entrepreneurial than the U.S. Business Sector?
(), Pehr-Johan Norbäck
() and Lars Persson
Abstract: Recent studies document a 30-year decline in various
measures of entrepreneurship in the United States. In contrast, using
detailed Swedish employer-employee data over the period 1990–2013, we find
no decline in Swedish entrepreneurial activity. Aggregate net job creation
is greatest among the youngest firms in the Swedish business sector.
Moreover, most of the net job creation by young firms takes place in the
expanding service sector. We argue that a key explanation for the high
entrepreneurial activity in the Swedish business sector during the last two
decades stems from economic reforms in the 1990s that mitigated several
hurdles to entrepreneurship.
Keywords: Entrepreneurship; Job dynamics; Matched employer-employee data; Industrial structure and structural change; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J23; K23; L26; L51; (follow links to similar papers)
36 pages, December 21, 2016
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