Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 1153:
Entrepreneurship and Institutions: A Bidirectional Relationship

Niklas Elert () and Magnus Henrekson ()

Abstract: The interplay between entrepreneurship and institutions is crucial for economic development; however, the view that institutions determine the extent to which entrepreneurial activity is productive is only part of the story. We argue that causality is bidirectional, in that entrepreneurship is also, for better or for worse, one of the main drivers of institutional change. Through their actions, entrepreneurs have a fundamental influence on institutions, whether they abide by them, actively try to alter them, or evade them. Particular attention is given to evasive entrepreneurship, an entrepreneurial function which, until recently, has been an underappreciated and poorly understood source of innovation and institutional change. We argue that the influence of evasive entrepreneurship on the economic trajectories of societies is likely to only grow in the future.

Keywords: Economic development; Entrepreneurship; Evasive entrepreneurship; Innovation; Institutional change; Regulation; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: L50; M13; O31; P14; (follow links to similar papers)

61 pages, February 16, 2017, Revised May 5, 2017

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This paper is published as:
Elert, Niklas and Magnus Henrekson, (2017), 'Entrepreneurship and Institutions: A Bidirectional Relationship', Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, Vol. 13, No. 3, pages 191-263

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