S-WoPEc
 
Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) Working Paper Series

No 1179:
Disease and Fertility: Evidence from the 1918 Influenza Pandemic in Sweden

Nina Boberg-Fazlic, Maryna Ivets, Martin Karlsson and Therese Nilsson ()

Abstract: This paper studies the effect of the 191819 influenza pandemic on fertility using a historical dataset from Sweden. Our results suggest an immediate reduction in fertility driven by morbidity, and additional behavioral effects driven by mortality. We find some evidence of community rebuilding and replacement fertility, but the net long-term effect is fertility reduction. In districts highly affected by the flu there is also an improvement in parental quality: we observe a relative increase in births to married women and better-off city dwellers. Our findings help understand the link between mortality and fertility, one of the central relations in demography, and show that several factors including disruptions to marriage and labor markets contribute to fertility reduction in the long term. Our results are consistent with studies that find a positive fertility response following natural disasters, but with high-quality historical data we show that this effect is short-lived.

Keywords: 191819 influenza pandemic; Influenza and pneumonia mortality; Fertility; Difference-in-Differences; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: I12; J11; J13; (follow links to similar papers)

61 pages, August 31, 2017

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

wp1179.pdf    PDF-file
Download Statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Elisabeth Gustafsson ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:iuiwop:1179 This page was generated on 2017-12-01 09:10:27