Papers in Innovation Studies, CIRCLE, Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy, Lund University
The Development of a New Swedish Innovation Policy A Historical Institutional Approach
Abstract: It is often claimed that what traditionally have been
called technology policies in many industrialised countries have undergone
major changes during the last decades. Until the 1980s technology policies
were primarily focused on financial support to different R&D producing
organisations. The focus from the 1990s and forward has to a larger extent
been on enhancing the environment for innovation and technology transfer.
The rationale behind these innovation policies, as the “new” policies are
often called, seems also to have been strongly influenced by a “new
innovation paradigm”. Even though innovation policies in different
countries seem to have developed in similar directions, and been inspired
by similar ideas, the actual choices of polices in different countries,
varies a lot. As shown by a large number of studies in comparative public
policy, similar policy ideas can be handled or “translated” in very
different ways due to different national policy styles, institutions,
cultures, etc. In this text, I elaborate on these issues in an analysis of
the development of a “new” innovation policy in Sweden, in many ways
inspired by the new innovation paradigm, primarily during the last decade.
I show how the new Swedish policy is strongly connected not only to the
legacies of policy development, but also to the character of political
strategies and the structure of the state bureaucracy.
Keywords: innovation policy; public policy; institutional theory.; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: O30; O38; (follow links to similar papers)
48 pages, June 1, 2008
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