Papers in Innovation Studies, CIRCLE, Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy, Lund University
Building systems of innovation in less developed countries: The role of intermediate organizations.
(), Andrew Cummings
() and Cristina Chaminade
Abstract: Innovation systems in developing countries differ largely
from those in developed countries. A typical difference is that less
developed countries have weaker institutional frameworks and low levels of
interaction among the different actors in the innovation system. Scholars
in innovation system research agree on the importance of understanding
innovation systems in developing countries as systems in construction.
Thus, while the most important organisations often exist, the critical
linkages between e.g. user-producer and universityindustry are still ill
developed. The literature hitherto has been rather vague on how these
systems can be built. We contribute to the literature by discussing the
role of intermediate organisations in supporting different forms of
interactive learning and linking relevant actors to each other in emerging
innovation systems in developing countries, using data from Tanzania and El
Keywords: intermediate organizations; (emerging) innovation systems; developing countries; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: O30; (follow links to similar papers)
26 pages, March 1, 2009
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