Papers in Innovation Studies, CIRCLE, Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy, Lund University
Implementing an R&D Strategy without Prior R&D-Experience Recruitment as a Source of R&D-related Routines and Capabilities?
(), Martin Andersson
() and Torben Schubert
Abstract: Evolutionary economic theorizing and related approaches
explain persistent heterogeneity in R&D activities between firms with
persistent inter-firm differences in R&D-related routines and capabilities.
Emphasizing the importance experiential learning leading to pathdependence
of R&D strategies, this raises the question of how firms can organize
strategy transitions towards continuous R&D, in particular, if they had not
been R&D active before. Building on a growing literature trying to identify
the micro-foundations of organizational routines and capabilities, we argue
that recruitment of experienced R&D workers is an important means by which
firms without prior internal R&D experience can build routines and
capabilities needed to implement and sustain an R&D strategy shift. We test
our predictions using rich matched employer-employee panel data for Sweden,
which allows for the identification of firms that implement a strategy of
continuous R&D activities without prior R&D experience. Our findings
confirm recruitment of experienced R&D workers as an important mechanism by
which firms prepare and sustain a transition towards persistent R&D.
Keywords: routines; capabilities; R&D strategy; micro-foundations; recruitment; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: D22; J24; J63; O31; O32; (follow links to similar papers)
28 pages, May 2, 2013
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