Papers in Innovation Studies, CIRCLE, Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy, Lund University
How Important are Local Inventive Milieus: The role of Birthplace, High School and University Education
() and Høgni Kalsø Hansen
Abstract: Using the whole population and almost all individuals in
Sweden listed as inventors, we study how the probability of being listed on
a patent as inventor is influenced by the density of other future inventors
residing in the same region, while controlling for demographic and sector
effects along with the educational characteristics of parents. We focus on
three such densities: a) future inventors in the municipality around the
time of birth, b) future inventors around the time of graduation from high
school and c) future inventors at graduation from higher education. We find
suggestive evidence that co-locating with future inventors impact on the
probability of becoming an inventor in some cases. The most consistent of
these effects is found for place of higher education, with some positive
effects also most likely coming from birthplace, whereas no consistent
positive effect is found from the individuals’ high school location.
Formative influences to become an inventor therefore seem mainly to derive
from family upbringing, birth region and from local milieu effects derived
from conscious choices into higher education.
Keywords: inventor; time-space; regional unevenness; context; local milieu; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I21; J24; O18; O31; O33; R12; Y91; (follow links to similar papers)
23 pages, September 9, 2014
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