Papers in Innovation Studies, CIRCLE, Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy, Lund University
How Do Geographical and Organisational Proximity Influence the Relational Pattern of MNCs’ Global Innovation Networks: An In-depth Case Study
Abstract: This paper explores the influencing mechanism of
geographical and organisational proximity/distance on the intra-firm
relations and external linkages in multinational companies’ (MNCs) global
innovation networks (GINs). It adopts an in-depth case study method and
employs social network analysis to study the relational pattern of the case
GINs and to understand how the relations are organised and why they are
organised in a certain pattern. It is found that the intra-firm relations
of both case MNCs’ GINs are similarly organised in a global way. The
external linkages in the two case GINs are organised in different ways
(global vs local) which depend on the dominant knowledge is science-based
or engineering-based. Two influencing mechanisms, namely complementary
effect and conditional reinforcing effect, are found and discussed.
Evidences in practice are identified.
Keywords: Global innovation network; MNC; Geographical proximity; Organisational proximity; Social network analysis; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: D85; F23; L62; L63; (follow links to similar papers)
28 pages, September 10, 2014
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