Papers in Innovation Studies, CIRCLE, Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy, Lund University
Knowledge base combinations and innovation performance in Swedish regions
(), Roman Martin
() and Martin Srholec
Abstract: The literature on geography of innovation suggests that
innovation outcomes depend on the type of knowledge base employed by firms.
While knowledge bases are distinct categories with regards to the nature
and the rational of knowledge creation, existing studies also stress that
innovation usually involves more than one knowledge base. In fact, new
ideas often occur when analytical, synthetic and symbolic knowledge
intertwines. It remains unclear, though, which combinations of knowledge
bases are most conducive to innovation at the level of the firm, and how
this is influenced by the knowledge bases available in the regional milieu.
Therefore the contribution of this paper is threefold: i) to measure
knowledge bases of firms and their regional heterogeneity in a more
comprehensive way than the existing empirical literature has been able to
do so far, ii) to quantitatively assess the impact of combinations of
knowledge bases on innovation output, iii) to analyze the interplay between
firm- and region-level knowledge bases (and combinations thereof) in
generating innovations. Empirically, the paper applies econometric analysis
on firm- and region-level data from Sweden. The knowledge base of firms is
captured using detailed occupational data derived from linked
employer-employee datasets that is merged at the firm-level with
information from Community Innovation Surveys. The empirical analysis
reveals in a quantitative way the extent to which the knowledge base
combinations affect innovativeness of firms.
Keywords: Knowledge bases; knowledge combination; regions; innovation performance; microdata; cross-level interaction; Sweden; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: O30; O31; R10; (follow links to similar papers)
34 pages, February 8, 2015
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