Papers in Innovation Studies, CIRCLE, Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy, Lund University
The Innovation Union Scoreboard is flawed: The Case of Sweden – not the innovation leader of the EU – updated version
() and Jon Mikel Zabala-Iturriagagoitia
Abstract: According to the Innovation Union Scoreboard published by
the European Commission, Sweden has been, and still is, an innovation
leader within the EU and one of the most innovative countries in Europe. In
this paper, the performance of the Swedish national innovation system is
analyzed using exactly the same data as those employed by the Innovation
Union Scoreboard for the years 2014 and 2015.
We argue that the Summary
Innovation Index provided by the Innovation Union Scoreboard is highly
misleading. Instead of merely calculating this Summary Innovation Index,
the individual indicators that constitute this composite innovation
indicator need to be analyzed in much greater depth in order to reach a
correct measure of the performance of innovation systems. We argue that
input and output indicators need to be considered as two separate types of
indicators and each type should then be measured individually. Thereafter
the input and output indicators should be compared to one another, as is
normally done in productivity and efficiency measurements.
whether our approach provides results similar to those of the Innovation
Union Scoreboard (or not), we apply it and analyze the relative position of
Sweden - appointed the innovation leader of the EU, by the EU. A
theoretical background and reasons for selecting the indicators used are
also given and a new position regarding Sweden’s innovation performance
compared to the other EU countries is calculated.
Our conclusion is
that Sweden cannot be seen as an innovation leader in the EU. This means in
turn that the Innovation Union Scoreboard is flawed and may therefore
mislead researchers, policy-makers, politicians as well as the general
public – since it is widely reported in the media.
Keywords: Innovation system; innovation policy; innovation performance; Sweden; indicators; input; output; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: O30; O38; O49; O52; (follow links to similar papers)
54 pages, August 11, 2015
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