Papers in Innovation Studies, CIRCLE, Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy, Lund University
Joeri H. Wesseling
Explaining differences in electric vehicle policies across countries: innovation vs. environmental policy rationale
Abstract: Transition studies’ understanding of differences in public
policy is limited due to its tendency to focus on single-country cases.
This paper assesses differences in plug-in electric vehicle (PEV) policies
expenditures, comprising RD&D subsidies, infrastructure investments and
sales incentives, across 13 countries over the period 2008-2014. I explore
three conditions that may influence these policy expenditures.
and statistical analyses show that national PEV policies differed
drastically across countries in intensity and orientation, ranging from a
focus on supply-side innovation policy to a focus on demand-side
environmental policy. The government’s role across national political
economies only explain differences in PEV infrastructure investments, while
the government’s EV diffusion targets for 2020 surprisingly do not
correlate with any PEV policy. Economic interest in the car industry shows
and explains why car countries focus their policy on technology
development, and non-car countries on technology diffusion. These findings
enhance the understanding of national policies in transitions.
Keywords: innovation policy; demand-side policy; geography of transition; industry support; varieties of capitalism; 2020 target; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: H23; H31; O25; O38; Q58; (follow links to similar papers)
18 pages, December 1, 2015
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