Lund Papers in Economic History, Department of Economic History, Lund University
Did Gender-Bias Matter in the Quantity-Quality Trade-off in 19th Century France?
(), Tapas Mishra
() and Faustine Perrin
Abstract: Recent theoretical developments of growth models,
especially on unified theories of growth, suggest that the child
quantity-quality trade-off has been a central element of the transition
from Malthusian stagnation to sustained growth. Using an original
censusbased dataset, this paper explores the role of gender on the
trade-off between education and fertility across 86 French counties during
the nineteenth century, as an empirical extension of Diebolt-Perrin (2013).
We first test the existence of the child quantity-quality trade-off in
1851. Second, we explore the long-run effect of education on fertility from
a gendered approach. Two important results emerge: (i) significant and
negative association between education and fertility is found, and (ii)
such a relationship is non-unique over the distribution of
education/fertility. While our results suggest the existence of a negative
and significant effect of the female endowments in human capital on the
fertility transition, the effects of negative endowment almost disappear at
low level of fertility.
Keywords: Cliometrics; Education; Fertility; Demographic Transition; Unified growth theory; Nineteenth century France; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C22; C26; C32; C36; C81; C82; I20; J13; N01; N33; (follow links to similar papers)
56 pages, December 15, 2015
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