S-WoPEc
 
Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
HomeAboutSeriesSubject/JEL codesAdvanced Search
Department of Economic History, Lund University Lund Papers in Economic History, Department of Economic History, Lund University

No 154:
Infant health and later-life labour market outcomes : Evidence from the introduction of sulfa antibiotics in Sweden

Volha Lazuka ()

Abstract: There is a growing body of literature showing that health in infancy has a strong influence on health and productivity later in life. This paper uses exogenous improvements in infant health generated by the introduction of a medical innovation in the late 1930s as treatment against several infectious diseases, in particular pneumonia reduced by the advent of the sulfa medicaments. Based on rich administrative population data for Sweden 19682012 and archival data on the availability of sulfa antibiotics, it explores the effect of reduction in exposure to pneumonia in infancy on labour market outcomes discerned in adulthood of the affected cohorts. Our findings suggest that mitigation of pneumonia disease burden in infancy substantially reduced probability of working disability and increased labour income in late adulthood. Regarding the mechanisms, the beneficial effects are strong for health, measured with reduced number of hospital admissions, and somewhat weaker for years of schooling. These effects are fairly equal among males and females, and larger among individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds. All effects are robust to various specifications including regional and family factors.

Keywords: medical innovation; sulfa antibiotics; early-life effects; infancy; labour productivity; Health; human capital; Sweden; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: H41; I15; I18; N34; (follow links to similar papers)

66 pages, February 28, 2017

Before downloading any of the electronic versions below you should read our statement on copyright.
Download GhostScript for viewing Postscript files and the Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.

Full text versions of the paper:

71021933-65af-4ef1-99a7-cd54a66f736d    PDF-file
Download Statistics

Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Benny Carlsson () or Tobias Karlsson ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson () or Helena Lundin ().

Programing by
Design by Joachim Ekebom

Handle: RePEc:hhs:luekhi:0154 This page was generated on 2017-09-07 21:22:56