Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Department of Economic History, Lund University Lund Papers in Economic History, Department of Economic History, Lund University

No 164:
Transforming Indonesia: Structural change in a regional perspective 1968-2010

Tobias Axelsson () and Andrés Palacio ()

Abstract: Since 1968, Indonesia has been among the few developing countries able to sustain per capita income growth over 5%. However, poverty and surplus labor are still main features of the economy. We ask to what extent the dual nature of growth has stimulated structural change, or just rewarded a particular sector or region. We find that the emblematic State support to agriculture has not untapped the potential growth in labour reallocation. Despite the income diversification within and outside agriculture, the linkages between sectors and regions remain weak. For catching up, the integration of the outer regions into the economy must still go through agriculture, investment in human capital, infrastructure, social policies and local capabilities.

Keywords: agriculture; regional structural change; growth; stagnation; shrinking; Indonesia; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: O47; R11; (follow links to similar papers)

18 pages, October 11, 2017

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