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Department of Economics, Lund University Working Papers, Department of Economics, Lund University

No 2000:6:
The Theory of New Economic Geography and Industrial Location in SADC

Lennart Petersson ()

Abstract: This paper evaluates the new theories of trade and economic geography in the light of the pattern of regional specialisation in Southern Africa. The analysis is applied to the nine South African provinces and the SADC member countries of 1995, except Angola. Based on Gini coefficients, the regional specialisation of provinces and countries and dispersion/concentration of manufacturing employment are revealed, reflecting the outcomes of import substitution, the export-oriented policy of Mauritius and, finally, the trade liberalisation within the Southern African Customs Union (SACU). Industry location and centrality of regions are analysed, and the findings indicate that industries subject to internal and external scale economies are geographically concentrated in regions with large home markets, while access to nearby regional markets appears to be of minor importance.

Keywords: economic geography; industrial location; market integration; specialisation; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: F12; R12; (follow links to similar papers)

23 pages, September 25, 2000

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This paper is published as:
Petersson, Lennart, (2002), 'The New Economic Geography and Industrial Location in SADC', South African Journal of Economics, Vol. 70, December, No. 8, pages 1222-1246



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