Working Papers, Department of Economics, Lund University
Explaining socioeconomic inequalities in drug utilization for Sweden 2005-2006: Evidence from linked survey and register data
(), Margareta Dackehag
() and Ulf-G Gerdtham
Abstract: This study uses the Swedish register of prescribed drugs,
merged with the Survey of Living Conditions (the ULF), to analyze the
socioeconomic gradient in drug utilization. It finds a significant
education gradient (but no income gradient) in individual drug utilization.
Whereas the education gradient for men is quantitative in its orientation
(education affects number of drugs used), the gradient for women is both
quantitative and qualitative (education affects mean cost of drugs). For
males, but not as clearly for females, the study finds that the education
gradient is weaker for more health-related drugs but stronger for more
expensive drugs. Our results indicate that the main reason for the
education gradient in drug utilization is doctors’ behaviour rather than
compliance with medication and affordability of drugs.
Keywords: health inequality; healthcare; drug utilization; income; education; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: D30; D31; I10; I12; (follow links to similar papers)
26 pages, June 20, 2011
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