Working Papers, Department of Economics, Lund University
Importers, Exporters and Multinationals: Exploring the Hierarchy of International Linkages
(), Karin Olofsdotter
() and Susanna Thede
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to empirically explore two
dimensions of the firm hierarchy of international market-specific linkages
using data for Swedish manufacturing firms over the 1997 to 2007 period.
First, we investigate the productivity ordering with respect to importing,
exporting and investing abroad. Second, we investigate the productivity
ordering with respect to linkage complexity (i.e. the number of linkages at
firm level). Our findings support a general productivity hierarchy from
importing to exporting and then investing abroad as well as from low- to
high-linkage complexity. However, an industry-by-industry examination shows
that the hierarchical structure is only generally upheld for linkage
complexity while the ordering of the three linkages does not exhibit the
same regularity across industries. In extending the analysis, we find these
irregularities to be upheld by industry characteristics. Lastly, we go
beyond the productivity ordering and explore firm characteristics
correlated with the linkage complexity.
Keywords: manufacturing firms; productivity ordering; market linkages; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: F14; F21; F23; (follow links to similar papers)
20 pages, December 5, 2014
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