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Department of Economics, Lund University Working Papers, Department of Economics, Lund University

No 2016:11:
Kidney Exchange over the Blood Group Barrier

Tommy Andersson () and Jörgen Kratz ()

Abstract: This paper investigates a pairwise kidney exchange program that contains patient-donor pairs where patients can receive a kidney across the blood group barrier from their own donors. Patients in such pairs gain strictly by an exchange if they are matched to a fully compatible donor. Of particular interest is the set of priority matchings where the number of patients matched to fully compatible donors is maximized among all priority matchings and where all patients that can receive a kidney across the blood group barrier from their own donors are either matched to their own donors or to fully compatible donors. The main result demonstrates that matchings in this set can be identified by solving an appropriately defined maximum weight matching problem. A simulation study also suggests that the positive effect on the total number of transplants is larger when including patients that can receive a kidney across the blood group barrier from their own donors than the effect of including altruistic donors.

Keywords: market design; pairwise kidney exchange; blood group incompatibility; priority matchings; half-compatibility priority matchings; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: C78; D02; D63; D78; (follow links to similar papers)

27 pages, June 17, 2016, Revised September 28, 2016

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