Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) Discussion Paper Series in Economics, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)

No 12/2012:
Amateur or professional? A new look at 19th century. patentees in Norway

Bjørn L. Basberg ()

Abstract: The paper analyses Norwegian 19th century patentees. A special focus is on the affiliation or relationship of the patentees to the manufacturing industries, business and the wider economy. A main question is whether the inventors were what might be called ‘amateurs’ working independently, or ‘professionals’ working closer to firms or institutions. A main finding is that even the individual patentees, that comprised the majority of all patentees, had strong associations with industry, and the distinction between ‘professionals’ and ‘amateurs’ is not all that useful.

Keywords: Industrial breakthrough; Norway; patentees; patents; professional inventors.; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: N63; N73; O31; O34; (follow links to similar papers)

18 pages, April 26, 2012

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