Discussion Paper Series in Economics, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)
Women Helping Women? Evidence from Private Sector Data on Workplace Hierarchies.
() and Amalia R. Miller
Abstract: This paper studies gender spillovers in career advancement
using 11 years of mployer-employee matched data on the population of
white-collar workers at over 4,000 private-sector establishments in Norway.
Our data include unusually detailed job information for each worker, which
enables us to define seven hierarchical ranks that are consistent across
establishments and over time in order to measure promotions (defined as
year-to-year rank increases) even for individuals who change employers. We
first find that women have significantly lower promotion rates than men
across all ranks of the corporate hierarchy, even after controlling for a
range of individual characteristics (age, education, tenure, experience)
and including fixed effects for current rank, year, industry, and even work
establishment. In measuring the effects of female coworkers, we find
positive gender spillovers across ranks (flowing from higher-ranking to
lower-ranking women) but negative spillovers within ranks. The finding that
greater female representation at higher ranks narrows the gender gap in
promotion rates at lower ranks suggests that policies that increase female
representation in corporate leadership can have spillover benefits to women
in lowers ranks.
Keywords: Gender differences in promotions; Women in leadership; Workplace gender spillovers.; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J60; J70; M50; (follow links to similar papers)
59 pages, June 15, 2015
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