Discussion Paper Series in Economics, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)
Fairness and the Development of Inequality Acceptance.
(), Alexander W. Cappelen
(), Erik Ø. Sørensen
() and Bertil Tungodden
Abstract: Fairness considerations fundamentally affect human
behavior, but Our understanding of the nature and development of people’s
fairness preferences is limited. The dictator game has been the standard
experimental design for studying fairness preferences, but it only captures
a situation where there is broad agreement that fairness requires equal
split. In real life, People often disagree on what is fair, largely because
they disagree on whether individual achievements, luck, and efficiency
considerations of what maximizes total benefits, can justify inequalities.
We modified the dictator game to capture these elements, and studied how
inequality acceptance develops in adolescence. We found as children enter
adolescence, they increasingly viewed inequalities reflecting differences
in individual achievements, but not luck, fair, whereas efficiency
considerations mainly played a role in late adolescence.
Keywords: Fairness; inequality; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: D63; (follow links to similar papers)
19 pages, August 10, 2015
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