Discussion Paper Series in Economics, Department of Economics, Norwegian School of Economics (NHH)
The gender wage gap in developed countries
Abstract: Despite the increased attachment of women to the labour
force in nearly all developed countries, a stubborn gender pay gap remains.
This chapter provides a review of the economics literature on the gender
wage gap, with an emphasis on developed countries. We begin with an
overview of the trends in the gender differences in wages and employment
rates. We then review methods used to decompose the gender wage gap and the
results from such decompositions. We discuss how trends and differences in
the gender wage gap across countries can be understood in light of
non-random selection and human capital differences. We then review the
evidence on demand-side factors used to explain the existing gender wage
gap and then discuss occupational segregation. The chapter concludes with
suggestions for further research.
Keywords: Wages; gender wage gap; wage differentials; labor force participation; discrimination; human capital investment; non-random selection; developed countries; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J16; J24; J31; J71; (follow links to similar papers)
38 pages, June 12, 2017
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