Occasional Studies, Konjunkturinstitutet - National Institute of Economic Research
Ecosystems, Sustainability and Growth for Sweden during 1991-2001
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present calculations of
non-marketed values of changes in Swedish natural capital assets. The value
of changes in natural capital, or wealth change, is then estimated as net
values of current and future production of non-marketed ecosystem services.
Values are calculated for ecosystem supply of recreational values and
pollutant cleaning from four classes of natural capital assets: forests,
agricultural landscape, wetlands, and air quality. The demonstration shows
that the net welfare contribution from these natural capital assets during
the period 1991-2001 is positive, but that the use of the assets is
unsustainable. A comparison of conventional NDP and adjusted NDP shows a
significant difference, and also that growth can change in different
directions depending on which measurement is used.
Keywords: natural capital; ecosystem services; sustainability; growth; (follow links to similar papers)
25 pages, May 26, 2004
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