CLTS Working Papers, Centre for Land Tenure Studies, Norwegian University of Life Sciences
Land tenure in Tigray: How large is the gender bias?
Abstract: This study finds that female-headed households have 23%
smaller owned landholdings and 54% smaller operational landholdings.
Differences in characteristics such as age, labor, oxen and previous
divorce explain less than half the differences in landholding sizes, while
the remaining can be attributed to differences in returns to these
characteristics. This indicates that there is a gender bias in access to
land, even after land reforms that intended to strengthen women’s rights.
The main policy recommendation is to further gender-sensitize the land
certification process, strengthen women’s opportunities to cultivate their
land and continue the process of securing women’s tenure rights.
Keywords: Ethiopia; property rights; discrimination; Oaxaca decomposition; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J16; Q15; (follow links to similar papers)
42 pages, May 8, 2013
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