Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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School of Business, Örebro University Working Papers, School of Business, Örebro University

No 2015:1:
Servification of Firms and Trade Policy Implications

Magnus Lodefalk ()

Abstract: In the OECD countries, the decline of manufacturing and its employment implications have long been matters of concern. Recently, policymakers in several countries have set out to achieve reindustrialization. The servicification of firms is related to these concerns and aspirations. However, servicification and particularly its role in trade policy have received limited attention. I review micro-level evidence and discuss implications. I find that imported, domestic and exported services are all important to contemporary firm competitiveness and participation in international value chains. Therefore, historic policymaking divides between trade in manufactures and services, between export and import interests, and among modes of supply are becoming less relevant. I conclude by suggesting potential steps forward.

Keywords: Servicification; services; manufacturing; deindustrialization; offshoring; onshoring; trade; trade policy; GATT; WTO; Mode 4; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: F13; F15; L16; L24; L60; O14; (follow links to similar papers)

44 pages, January 12, 2015, Revised May 17, 2016

Previous title: "Servification of Manufacturing Firms Makes Divides in Trade Policy-Making Antiquated"

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This paper is published as:
Lodefalk, Magnus, (2016), 'Servification of Firms and Trade Policy Implications', World Trade Review

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