Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Health Economics Research Programme, University of Oslo HERO On line Working Paper Series

No 2003:4:
Child mortality in India: Exploring the community-level effect of education

ōystein Kravdal ()

Abstract: When assessing health benefits of increased education in developing countries, many researchers have been concerned about the omission of important determinants of education from the models. This study illustrates that one should also be concerned about the limitations of the individual-level perspective. According to a model based on NFHS II data, the average education among women (but not men) in the census enumeration area has a strong impact on child mortality, net of the motherís own education. The relatively low child mortality associated with womenís autonomy explains some of this community education effect. In addition, it operates partly through health knowledge, reproductive behavior and more proximate determinants of mortality, such as the use of maternity and other preventive health services, the childís nutrition, and the motherís care for a sick child.

Keywords: Autonomy; Child; Community; Education; Mortality; Multilevel; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: I18; I30; (follow links to similar papers)

43 pages, June 21, 2009

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