Working Paper Series, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden)
Trade Deficits in the Baltic States: How Long Will the Party Last?
() and Kristian Jönsson
Abstract: Since their opening up to international capital markets,
the economies of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania have experienced large and
persistent capital inflows and trade deficits. This paper investigates
whether a calibrated two-sector neoclassical growth model can explain the
magnitudes and the timing of the trade flows in the Baltic countries. The
model is calibrated for each of the three countries, which we simulate as
small closed economies that suddenly open up to international trade and
capital flows. The results show that the model can account for the observed
magnitudes of the trade deficits in the 1995-2001 period. Introducing a
real interest rate risk premium in the model increases its explanatory
power. The model indicates that trade balances will turn positive in the
Baltic states around 2010.
Keywords: Baltic states; international factor movements; non-traded goods; adjustment costs; dynamic general equilibrium; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C68; F41; (follow links to similar papers)
43 pages, June 1, 2005
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- This paper is published as:
Bems, Rudolfs and Kristian Jönsson, (2006), 'Trade Deficits in the Baltic States: How Long Will the Party Last?', Review of Economic Dynamics, Vol. 9, January, No. 1, pages 179-209
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