CERE Working Papers, CERE - the Center for Environmental and Resource Economics
Who adopts LPG as the main cooking fuel and why? Empirical evidence on Ghana based on national survey
(), Justice Tei Mensah and George Adu
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to identify the factors that
influence the probability of adopting LPG as the main cooking fuel in Ghana
using household level data gleaned from last two nationwide household
surveys (GLSS 5 & GLSS 6). Using a flexible semi-parametric specification,
the following were uncovered. First, we find socioeconomic and demographic
factors such as income, education, access to urban infrastructure, location
of household, as key drivers of households' choice of LPG as main cooking
energy source. Again the influences of these factors are stable across
time, and with a strong price effect. The evidence shows that urban
households with better socioeconomic and demographic factors are likely to
adopt LPG as the main cooking fuel relative to households in rural areas
and also urban households with poor socioeconomic and demographic factors.
Finally, we observe that the imposition of fully parametric structure
(functional form) prior to estimation on factors such as age of household
head, income and household size as done in the literature is inappropriate,
at least in the case of Ghana and tend to bias the marginal effects. There
is strong evidence of variations in the response rate of LPG adoption over
the domains of income, household size and the age of the household head.
The results suggest a policy dichotomy between rural and urban dwellers for
it to be effective.
Keywords: Fuels; cooking; households; development; energy poverty; Ghana; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C14; O13; Q41; Q42; (follow links to similar papers)
31 pages, April 26, 2016
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