Working Paper Series, Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University
Helena Holmlund and Krister Sund
Is the Gender Gap in School Performance Affected by the Sex of the Teacher?
Abstract: Girls outperform boys in school. We investigate whether
the gender performance gap can be attributed to the fact that the teacher
profession is female dominated, that is, is there a causal effect on
student outcomes from having a same-sex teacher? Using data on
uppersecondary school students and their teachers from the municipality of
Stockholm, Sweden, we find that the gender performance differential is
larger in subjects where the share of female teachers is higher. We argue,
however, that this effect can not be interpreted as causal, mainly due to
teacher selection into different subjects and nonrandom student-teacher
matching. Exploring the fact that teacher turnover and student mobility
give rise to variation in teacherís gender within student and subject, we
estimate the effect on student outcomes of changing to a teacher of the
same sex. We find no strong support for our initial hypothesis that a
same-sex teacher improves student outcomes.
Keywords: -; (follow links to similar papers)
29 pages, November 4, 2005
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