Working Paper Series, Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University
Age at Immigration and School Performance: A Siblings Analysis Using Swedish Register Data
Abstract: This article analyzes the role of age at immigration for
the school performance gap between native and immigrant pupils in Sweden.
The analysis exploits within-family variation in a large set of register
data on immigrant siblings (and native children) graduating from compulsory
school (normally at age 16) between 1988 and 2003. The critical age at
arrival is about nine, above which there is a strong negative impact on
performance. The slopes of these age-at-immigration performance profiles
are similar for boys and girls as well as for children from different
family backgrounds, but they vary widely by region of origin. Moreover, the
estimated profiles are flatter for Mathematics than for a range of subjects
taken together. This demonstrates the importance of Sweden-specific skills.
A comparison of sibling-difference and cross-sectional estimates reveals
that they are strikingly similar.
Keywords: age at immigration; age at arrival; school performance; siblings approach; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I29; J15; (follow links to similar papers)
38 pages, November 21, 2005, Revised December 10, 2007
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- This paper is published as:
Böhlmark, Anders, (2008), 'Age at Immigration and School Performance: A Siblings Analysis Using Swedish Register Data', Labour Economics, pages 1366-1387
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