Stockholm Papers in Economic History
Department of Economic History, Stockholm University
Pre-industrial population and economic growth: Was there a Malthusian mechanism in Sweden?
Abstract: This study examines whether there was a Malthusian
equilibrium mechanism in Sweden 1630–1870. A unique data set on harvests,
deaths, marriages and births is used to calculate cumulative elasticities
of vital rates with respect to harvest. While earlier studies have mostly
focused on the impact of real wage, this study contents that the calorie
content of harvests is more related to Malthus’ concept of the ‘produce of
land’. It finds that there indeed was a response of vital rates to harvest
fluctuations, but there were important structural breaks. While positive
checks attenuated after 1720, preventive checks were strengthened. After
1870 preventive checks disappeared, even if positive checks existed up to
1920. The results are robust to different models – DLM, ARMAX and SVAR –
and trend specifications.
Keywords: demography; Maltus; mortality; fertility; economic history; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: N13; N33; N53; (follow links to similar papers)
43 pages, September 10, 2015
Before downloading any of the electronic versions below
you should read our statement on
for viewing Postscript files and the
Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.
Full text versions of the paper:
Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Rodney Edvinsson ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ()
or Helena Lundin ().
Design by Joachim Ekebom