SULCIS Working Papers, Stockholm University Linnaeus Center for Integration Studies - SULCIS
Ethnic Environment during Childhood and the Educational Attainment of Immigrant Children in Sweden
() and Ryszard Szulkin
Abstract: We ask whether growing up with persons of the same
national background (which we refer to as coethnics), in the immediate
neighbourhood, influences future educational careers of children of
immigrants. We use administrative data to follow an entire cohort of
immigrant children who graduated from Swedish compulsory schools in 1995.
We have information on their parents and on their ethnic environment during
the period they were 10 – 15 years old. The dependent variable studied is
the highest completed education in years at age 24. We are able to account
for unobserved heterogeneity with neighbourhood fixed effects and ethnic
group fixed effects. We find that the effect of the quantitative side of
the ethnic environment (the number of coethnics) on educational attainment
is strongly conditioned by the qualitative side of this environment (the
educational success of coethnics). The individual’s educational career is
positively related to the number of young coethnics in the neighbourhood,
but only if they can be characterized as being educationally successful.
Growing up in a large ethnic community with average or poor educational
success is harmful for the future educational success. The effect of the
ethnic surrounding on the highest completed education is fully mediated by
success in compulsory school.
Keywords: Ethnic enclaves; education; neighborhood effects; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I20; I21; J15; (follow links to similar papers)
33 pages, December 19, 2007
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- This paper is forthcoming as:
Bygren, Magnus and Ryszard Szulkin, 'Ethnic Environment during Childhood and the Educational Attainment of Immigrant Children in Sweden', Social Forces.
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