Research Papers in Economics, Department of Economics, Stockholm University
The Emigration of Immigrants, Return vs. Onward Migration: Evidence from Sweden
Abstract: Using data on registered emigration from Sweden from
1991-2000, this study analyzes emigration propensities for natives and
immigrants delineating among immigrant emigrants between return and onward
migration. Return migration is defined as migration back to source
countries and onward migration as emigration to third country destinations.
Onward migration constitutes an increasing proportion of emigration from
Sweden and is the more common form of emigration among immigrants from
Africa and Asia. Results indicate that emigrants in general are positively
selected in terms of upper education, a result driven by the positive
association between upper education and emigration among onward migrants.
Predicted age-income profiles show that although emigrants in general have
higher adjusted mean income levels, up to the age of 35-40, than
non-emigrants, onward migrants have lower predicted income levels across
the age distribution due to this groups relatively low employment levels in
Keywords: Emigration; Return Migration; Onward Migration; Immigrant/Emigrant Earnings; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J31; J61; (follow links to similar papers)
26 pages, August 20, 2004
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