Research Papers in Economics, Department of Economics, Stockholm University
Do Gender Quotas Influence Women’s Representation and Policies?
Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of applying gender
quotas on policy decisions. I first examine the effect of gender quotas on
the representation of female legislators, study the correlation between
gender quotas and different types of government expenditures, and then use
quotas as an instrument for the proportion of female legislators to
investigate the effect of female legislators on policy outcomes. The
results show that an increase in the share of female legislators by one
percentage point increases the ratio of government expenditure on health
and social welfare to GDP by 0.18 and 0.67 percentage points, respectively.
The robustness check supports that the effect of quotas on female
legislators is likely to be translated into the influence of female
policymakers on social welfare.
Keywords: female legislator; gender quotas; policy outcomes; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: D78; H50; J16; (follow links to similar papers)
34 pages, January 15, 2009
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