Research Papers in Economics, Department of Economics, Stockholm University
Spatial versus Social Mismatch: The Strength of Weak Ties
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to provide a new mechanism based
on social interactions explaining why distance to jobs can have a negative
impact on workers’ labor-market outcomes, especially ethnic minorities.
Building on Granovetter’s idea that weak ties are superior to strong ties
for providing support in getting a job, we develop a model in which workers
who live far away from jobs tend to have less connections to weak ties.
Because of the lack of good public transportation in the US, it is costly
(both in terms of time and money) to commute to business centers to meet
other types of people who can provide other source of information about
jobs. If distant minority workers mainly rely on their strong ties, who are
more likely to be unemployed, there is then little chance of escaping
unemployment. It is therefore the separation in both the social and
physical space that prevents ethnic minorities finding a job.
Keywords: Weak ties; labor market; social networks; land rent; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: A14; J15; R14; Z13; (follow links to similar papers)
61 pages, February 4, 2011
Before downloading any of the electronic versions below
you should read our statement on
for viewing Postscript files and the
Acrobat Reader for viewing and printing pdf files.
Full text versions of the paper:
Questions (including download problems) about the papers in this series should be directed to Sten Nyberg ()
Report other problems with accessing this service to Sune Karlsson ()
or Helena Lundin ().
Design by Joachim Ekebom