Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Department of Economics, Uppsala University Working Paper Series, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies, Department of Economics, Uppsala University

No 2013:7:
A History of the Swedish Pension System

Johannes Hagen ()

Abstract: This report provides an extensive overview of the history of the Swedish pension system. Starting with the implementation of the world's first universal public pension system in 1913, the report discusses the political as well as the economic background to each major public pension reform up until today. It presents the rules and the institutional details of these reforms and discuss their implications for retirement behavior, the general state of the economy and the political environment. Parallel to the development of the public pension system, a comprehensive and quite complex occupational pension system has emerged. This report describes the historical background and the institutional details of the four largest agreement-based occupational pension schemes in Sweden.

Keywords: pensions; retirement; economic history; private pensions; public pensions; historic Review; funded; unfunded; defined contribution; defined benefit; Beveridgean welfare state; Bismarckian welfare state; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: H55; H75; N33; N34; P35; (follow links to similar papers)

140 pages, May 14, 2013

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This paper is forthcoming as:
Hagen, Johannes, 'A History of the Swedish Pension System', Scandinavian Economic History Review.

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