Working Paper Series, Uppsala Center for Fiscal Studies, Department of Economics, Uppsala University
A History of the Swedish Pension System
Abstract: This report provides an extensive overview of the history
of the Swedish pension system. Starting with the implementation of the
world's first universal public pension system in 1913, the report discusses
the political as well as the economic background to each major public
pension reform up until today. It presents the rules and the institutional
details of these reforms and discuss their implications for retirement
behavior, the general state of the economy and the political environment.
Parallel to the development of the public pension system, a comprehensive
and quite complex occupational pension system has emerged. This report
describes the historical background and the institutional details of the
four largest agreement-based occupational pension schemes in Sweden.
Keywords: pensions; retirement; economic history; private pensions; public pensions; historic Review; funded; unfunded; defined contribution; defined benefit; Beveridgean welfare state; Bismarckian welfare state; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: H55; H75; N33; N34; P35; (follow links to similar papers)
140 pages, May 14, 2013
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- This paper is forthcoming as:
Hagen, Johannes, 'A History of the Swedish Pension System', Scandinavian Economic History Review.
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