Working Paper Series, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies, Department of Economics, Uppsala University
Does Providing Childcare to Unemployed Affect Unemployment Duration?
Abstract: This paper examines if the probability of leaving
unemployment changes for unemployed parents with young children when
childcare is available. To investigate this, I use the heterogeneity among
Swedish municipalities before the implementation of a 2001 Swedish
childcare reform making it mandatory for municipalities to oer childcare
to unemployed parents for at least 15 hours per week. In the study
dierence-in-dierences and dierence-in-dierence-indi erences methods
are used. The results indicate a positive eect on the probability of
leaving unemployment for mothers when childcare is available, but no eect
is found for fathers. For mothers, some heterogeneous eects are also
found, with a greater eect on the probability of leaving unemployment for
work when childcare is available for mothers with only compulsory schooling
or university education and mothers with two children.
Keywords: Unemployment duration; Childcare; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: J13; J64; (follow links to similar papers)
46 pages, May 6, 2010
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