Working Paper Series, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies, Department of Economics, Uppsala University
Jobs and Exposure to International Trade within the Service Sector in Sweden
(), Pär Hansson
() and Markus Lindvert
Abstract: The service sector is very heterogeneous with respect to
internationalization; in some industries there is international trade (or
it may potentially exist), whereas other industries are non-tradable. Data
on international trade in services is, however, typically very limited,
making it difficult to identify in which industries there are international
trade. In this paper, we partially surmount the problems with insufficient
service trade statistics by calculating locational Ginis for different
industries in the private business sector as well as in the public sector.
The basic idea is that from the regional concentration of different
activities within a country one can identify industries where there appears
to be regional trade, and hence also a potential for international trade.
Based on our method we find that the number of employed in tradable service
appears to be at least as large as in the manufacturing sector. Remarkably,
a larger share of the skilled labor exposed to international trade is
working in the service sector than in manufacturing, while a majority of
the less skilled labor working in tradable industries is employed in
manufacturing. When it comes to employment growth, we observe that the
employment has increased in tradable service, while it has fallen in the
manufacturing sector (the whole sector is regarded as tradable).
Keywords: jobs; service trade; regional concentration; structural change; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: F16; J44; R12; (follow links to similar papers)
34 pages, October 10, 2010
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