Working Paper Series, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies, Department of Economics, Uppsala University
Is the persistent gender gap in income and wages due to unequal family responsibilities?
(), Per Johansson
() and Erica Lindahl
Abstract: We compare the income and wage trajectories of women in
rela- tion to their male partners before and after parenthood. Focusing on
the within-couple gap allows us to control for both observed and unobserved
attributes of the spouse and to estimate both short- and long-term eects
of entering parenthood. Our main nding is that 15 years after the rst
child was born, the male-female gender gaps in income and wages have
increased with 35 and 10 percentage points, respectively. In line with a
collective labor supply model, the mag- nitude of these eects depends on
relative incomes or wages within the family.
Keywords: Gender gap; Quantile regression; Income; Wages; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C21; D13; J21; (follow links to similar papers)
39 pages, February 14, 2013
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