Working Paper Series, Uppsala Center for Labor Studies, Department of Economics, Uppsala University
Oana B orcan
Fighting Corruption in Education: What Works and Who Benefits?
(), Mikael Lindahl
() and Andreea Mitrut
Abstract: We investigate the efficiency and distributional
consequences of a corruptionfighting initiative in Romania targeting the
endemic fraud in a high-stakes high school exit exam, which introduced CCTV
monitoring of the exam and credible punishment threats. We find that
punishment coupled with monitoring was effective in reducing corruption.
Estimating the heterogeneous impact for students of different ability,
poverty status, and gender, we show that fighting corruption led to
efficiency gains (ability predicts exam outcomes better) but also to a
worrisome score gap increase between poor and non-poor students.
Consequently, the poor students have reduced chances to enter an elite
Keywords: corruption; high-stakes exam; bribes; monitoring and punishment; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I21; I24; K42; (follow links to similar papers)
54 pages, February 13, 2015
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