Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Department of Economics, Uppsala University Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, Uppsala University

No 2002:1:
Temporary Work in Turbulent Times: The Swedish Experience

Bertil Holmlund () and Donald Storrie

Abstract: Sweden has experienced a substantial increase in temporary work over the 1990s, with most of the rise occurring during a severe macroeconomic recession with mass unemployment. By the early 1990s, workers on fixed-term contracts accounted for 10 percent of the number of employees; by the end of the decade they accounted for 16 percent. The paper presents the Swedish institutional setting, documents basic stylised facts about fixed-term contracts, and discusses the causes of their increased prevalence. Our analysis reveals that open-ended and temporary employment exhibit strikingly different cyclical behaviour with temporary employment being more volatile. A recession is associated with an initial decline in temporary employment followed by a sharp rise from the trough to the end of the recession. We argue that the severe recession of the 1990s is a major factor behind the rise in temporary work in Sweden. Adverse macroeconomic conditions make firms more prone to offer fixed-term contracts and workers more willing to accept them.

Keywords: Temporary jobs; Labour market dynamics; Unemployment; (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: E32; J64; (follow links to similar papers)

34 pages, December 4, 2001

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This paper is published as:
Holmlund, Bertil and Donald Storrie, (2002), 'Temporary Work in Turbulent Times: The Swedish Experience', Economic Journal, Vol. 112, June, pages 245-269

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