CAFO Working Papers, Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University
Ali M. Ahmed
Group Identity, Intergroup Bias, and Discrimination
Abstract: This paper studies how group a±liation and intergroup bias
may affect economic decision- making. Two types of experimental groupings
are created and subjects are then paired with either an in-group member or
an out-group member in a number of two-person games. The result of this
experiment shows that out-group members face a risk of being discriminated
against. The cause of the discrimination is not hostility toward out-group
members; discrimination is triggered because of higher expectations or
favoritism of in-group members. This type of behavior holds regardless of
the grouping procedure.
Keywords: Discrimination; Intergroup bias; Group identity; Experiment; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: C90; J70; (follow links to similar papers)
25 pages, October 8, 2006
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