CAFO Working Papers, Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University
The Expansion of Higher Education in Sweden and the Issue of Equality of Opportunity
Abstract: This paper analyzes to what extent the political mean of
rapidly increasing higher education in the 1990s in Sweden has decreased
educational inequalities (i.e. the choice of attending higher education has
become less dependent on family background in the 1990s than before).
Smaller regional colleges were heavily exposed to the expansion of higher
education. Although the parental impact on the educational choice of their
youths grew stronger in the 1990s compared to the 1980s,
difference-in-difference estimates show that the educational association
between parents and their youths grew less in the geographical areas of the
regional university colleges than in Sweden as a whole. Some support is
provided here that social mobility has increased, in the sense that most
socioeconomic groups gained from the educational expansion, except for the
group with the least educated parents.
Keywords: Higher Education; Intergenerational Educational Mobility; Regionalization; (follow links to similar papers)
JEL-Codes: I22; I28; J24; (follow links to similar papers)
40 pages, September 1, 2007
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