Scandinavian Working Papers in Economics
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Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University CAFO Working Papers, Centre for Labour Market Policy Research (CAFO), School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University

No 2009:12:
Estimating the Swedish and Norwegian international tourism demand using (ISUR) technique

A. Khalik Salman (), Leif Arnesson (), Anna Sörensson () and Ghazi Shukur ()

Abstract: This paper estimates the demand for tourism to Sweden and Norway for five countries: Denmark, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Japan, and the United States. For each visiting country, and for Sweden and Norway, we specify separate equations by including relative information. We then estimate these equations using Zellner’s Iterative Seemingly Unrelated Regressions (ISUR). The benefit of this model is that the ISUR estimators utilize the information present in the error correlation of the cross regressions (or equations) and hence are more efficient than single equation estimation methods such as ordinary least squares. Monthly time series data from 1993:01 to 2006:12 are used. The results show that the consumer price index, some lagged dependent variables, and several monthly dummies(representing seasonal effects) have a significant impact on the number of visitors to the SW6 region in Sweden and Tröndelag in Norway. We also find that, in at least some cases, relative prices and exchange rates have a significant effect on international tourism demand.

Keywords: Tourism demand; Significant factors; Iterative Seemingly Unrelated Regressions (ISUR); (follow links to similar papers)

JEL-Codes: C32; (follow links to similar papers)

45 pages, May 12, 2009

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